Human resources is an important structures in a variety of fields spanning from micro scholarship in psychology to macro scholarship in economics (1). Human resources are people who work for companies and organizations and the part that is responsible for managing employees in them. It is the work force of any organization. According to Gunnigle et al (1997), people are the life blood of organization. an organization’s workforce represents one of its most assets and capital consequently, the amount of attention paid to the workforce effectively is a critical element in improving and sustaining organization performance. Managing people is one of the most difficult aspects of organization management. It means dealing with people who differ physically and psychologically (2). In today's world, what matters most is manpower and even the greatest economists believe that it is manpower that ultimately creates the process of economic and social development of a society and all the efforts of organizations and departments are to make sure that the human resources they want are present in their work environment with good motivation and satisfaction. One of the most important ways to gain such workforce is to engage in physical activity and sport.
The real development and progress of countries has different indicators that one of the most important of which is sport (3) and for decades, the role of sport in society has been the focus of researchers and scholars (4). Sport and sport activities are part of the culture of any nation (5). Numerous studies have concluded that exercise and related activities have a positive effect on people's Hygiene and well-being (6–7) and it is essential for any society to develop it. Sport is a reflection of today's society. Through the promotion of sport, sport activities are a tool for the development of societies and peace in different cultures (8). Sport has existed since the beginning of life and is used to achieve various goals. According to Obiyemi and Musa (2003), sports are the activities for the enjoyment and satisfaction of personal gain and involving powers, skills, competition and strategy engaged in. Traditionally, the enjoyment and satisfaction of personal gain were the main aim of participating in sports (9). Sport is currently influential in world politics; therefore, efforts should be made to encourage people to participate in sports. Globally, sports is considered as the creator of beauty and a means to ethical values that brings about peace, unity and understanding among people of all races, during sports participation which wholly the result of social invention and social heritage (9). Sport development as a public policy priority has historically been on the periphery of governments’ political agendas. This is not the case in the early twenty-first century however and in the last decade in many countries public policies for sport development-related activity have increased in salience (10). Ensuring concerted efforts to position sport as a means for development in society are successful requires sophisticated endeavors by researchers and practitioners to understand effective processes and measurable outcomes of these sport programs (11). As a social event, sport brings people together in pursuit of physical, mental, social and political progress (9). With the significant increase in the role of sport in economic, social, cultural and even political development, progress in the field of sport has become one of the strategic priorities of planners in different countries of the world. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to the development of sport in every country.
Promoting physical activity is one of the most important and effective strategies to reduce the risk of some diseases, reduce social deviations, and increase the vitality of communities. In fact, sport as important part of education has a fundamental position and a clearing, and its various functions are evident in society (12(. Sotiriadou et al (2008) believe that, it is necessary to pay attention to many dimensions in the development of sport. At the macro and micro levels, many factors affect the spread and promotion of sport; they also have defined sport development as a process in which are created at that effective opportunities, processes, systems, and structures so that people in all specific groups and groups can participate in sport and recreation and improve their performance (13). One of the organizations that play an important role in the development and expansion of sport in the Islamic Republic of Iran is the armed and military forces, and it is very important to pay attention to them.
The capability of the military and military is very important and it is necessary to pay attention to it, because the military are the guardians of the independence, security, and territorial integrity of the country; therefore, it is very important to pay attention to the issues that cause optimal performance in the military and they should pay more attention to the readiness and Hygiene of their employees than other organization (14); One of the social institutions whose authority and power affect the progress and development of other social institutions directly and indirectly is the military. Undertaking physical activity plays an important role in the battle against the ever-increasing problems – seen both within a society and its military – of being overweight, obesity, circulatory system diseases, and diabetes (15–17). One of the elements of the success of the military in carrying out the assigned missions is having physical fitness and having the necessary capabilities to use the body in different situations and one of the reasons for the development and expansion of sport and physical training from the distant past has been the need to increase the readiness of the military and now, scientific, practical and physical development of the Military, which is directly related to the combat capability of these forces is one of the necessities of the military physical education (18). Sport and physical activity is one of the most important and influential parts for the people who connect their lives with the military system. That the quality of work and the performance of the duties of these forces depends on the fitness level and physical preparedness (19). One of the key pillars of the success of the military is its staff; On the other hand, the Hygiene and Cure Military Branch Staff are responsible for providing Hygiene and wellness services to the country's Military and paying attention to sport as one of the ways to prevent diseases and improve Hygiene can be effective in the tendency of other employees and forces to sport.
Research has shown that physical activity and exercise are one of the things that can reduce stress and increase the efficiency of police forces (20–21). Also some studies have shown the effect of individual factors on the development of exercise and the development of sports participation (22–23). Hu et al. (2018) stated that some of the factors in the development of Taiwan's professional volleyball include improving the quality of media coverage, improving competition and athlete’s standards, holding international events, holding competitions for professional teams, supporting basic teams, creating the right reward system for players and coaches, creating a suitable system for training coaches and providing the necessary facilities and equipment (24). Krsmanović et al. (2014) cited human resources as one of the main and influential sources in the development of sport, which include volunteers, teachers, coaches, leaders and managers (25). Wang (2013) concluded that lake factors such as scientific progress, support, coordination and communication between different sectors, creating equal opportunities, financial support, Specialists in the required number and facilities has led to the lack of development of sport for all in China (26). In his paper, De Bosscher et al. (2006) stated that some factors influencing international success in sports include financial support, talent identification and talent development, educational facilities and scientific research (27); Zarei et al. (2017) presented strategies for the development of university sport, including the development of teaching sport-related sciences, the development of championship sport, the construction of sport facilities, comprehensive planning for university sport, and the development of programs to attract women to sport, Expanding the relationship between university administrators and sport and improving the quality of equipment (28). Ajadi et al. (2017) in their study for development of sport in Nigeria's military forces pointed to factors such as providing advanced sport equipment, improving the maintenance of sport facilities, easy access to sport facilities, providing the required and qualified manpower for sport such as the coach, coordination between the manpower involved in sport, encouraging participants by coaches, providing the budget and financial resources needed for sport, and managing the budget allocated to sport (9). Wang and Lu (2017) also stated that factors in the development of sport in universities include increasing the number of participants, increasing students' awareness, the existence of sport equipment in universities and colleges, organizing sport camps, conducting major sporting events and conducting related research (29).
Despite the emphasis on the exercise of the Military in the country's major sport programs, it is not clear to what extent has been used the predicted capacities in this program to develop sport in the Military staff section; also, yet research has been not done about the development of sport for the Military Hygiene and Cure Branch Staff; Therefore, identifying the factors, items, and dimensions of sport development in the Hygienecare sector of the Military Hygiene and Cure Branch Staff will help to provide effective planning for the development of sport in this branch. In addition, it created a new framework in this area and introduced practical strategies to correction, improvement and upgrade the level of development of sport for the staff of the military in the Hygiene and cure military branch. It is expected that process of growth and development of sport in this branch should be facilitated using the identified factors and prepare preparations for the development of sport in the military; Also, the Hygienecare branch is one of the sectors that is directly related to the Hygiene of the military and since sport is one of the most effective ways to increase people's Hygiene, and this category also works for the Hygiene of employees, so at first they should to pay attention to sport and their development to be able generalize to other employees of the military; so according to said cases, conducting this research can be an effective step in promoting sport in the military Hygiene and cure branch. Therefore, in order to complete previous research in the field of military sport and measuring the factors influencing the development of sport for the Military Hygiene and Cure Branch Staff, the researcher intends to design the model of sport development of Military Hygiene and Cure Branch Staff.