1.Jequier E, Constant F. Water as an essential nutrient: the physiological basis of hydration. Eur J Clin Nutr, 2010; 2, 115-123.
2.Roussel R, Fezeu L, Bouby N, Bouby N, Balkau B, Lantieri O, et al. Diabetes Care, 2011; 12, 2551-2554.
3.Strippoli GF, Craig JC, Rochtchina E, Flood V M, Wang J J, Mitchell P. Fluid and nutrient intake and risk of chronic kidney disease. Nephrology, 2011; 3, 326-334.
4.Goulet E D B, Mélançon M O, Lafrenière D, Paquin J, Maltais M, Morais J A. Impact of Mild hypohydration on Muscle Endurance, Power and Strength in Healthy, Active Older Men. J Strength Cond Res, 2018; 32, 3405-3415.
5.Wittbrodt MT, Millard-stafford M. Dehydration Impairs Cognitive Performance. Med Sci Sport Exer, 2018; 50, 2360-2368.
6.Armstrong L E, Ganio M S, Casa D J, Lee E C, Mcdermott B P, Klau J F. Mild Dehydration Affects Mood in Healthy Young Women. J Nutr, 2012; 142, 382-388.
7.Ferreira-Pêgo C, Guelinckx I, Moreno LA, Kavouras S A, Gandy J, Martinea H. Total fluid intake and its determinants: cross-sectional surveys among adults in 13 countries worldwide. Eur J Nutr, 2015; 54, 35-43.
8.Ma G, Zhang Q, Liu A, Zuo J, Zhang W, Zou S, et al. Fluid intake of adults in four Chinese cities. Nutr Rev, 2012; 70 Suppl 2:S105-S110.
9.Zhang N, Du S, Tang Z, Zheng M, Yan R, Zhu Y, et al. Hydration, Fluid Intake, and Related Urine Biomarkers among Male College Students in Cangzhou, China: A Cross-Sectional Study—Applications for Assessing Fluid Intake and Adequate Water Intake. Int J Env Res Pub He, 2017; 14, 513.
10.Zhang N, Morin C, Guelinckx I, Moreno L A, Kavouras S A, Gandy J, et al. Fluid intake in urban China: results of the 2016 Liq.In7 national cross-sectional surveys. Eur J Nutr, 2018; 57, 77-88.
11.Perrier ET, Buendia-Jimenez I, Vecchio M, Armstrong L E, Tack I, Klein A. Twenty-four-hour urine osmolality as a physiological index of adequate water intake. Dis Markers, 2015, 231063.
12.Zhang N, Du S, Zheng M, Tang Z, Yan R, Zhu Y, et al. Urine color for assessment of dehydration among college men students in Hebei, China - a cross-sectional study. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr, 2017; 26, 788-793.
13.McKenzie AL, Munoz CX, Ellis LA, Perrier E T, Guelinckx I, Klein A, et al. Urine color as an indicator of urine concentration in pregnant and lactating women. Eur J Nutr, 2017; 56, 355-362.
14.Tucker MA, Gonzalez MA, Adams JD, Burchfield JM, Moyen NE, Schreiber BA, et al. Reliability of 24-h void frequency as an index of hydration status when euhydrated and hypohydrated. Eur J Clin Nutr, 2016; 70, 908-911.
15.Johnson EC, Munoz CX, Jimenez L, Bellego LL, Kupchak BR, Kraemer WJ, et al. Hormonal and Thirst Modulated Maintenance of Fluid Balance in Young Women with Different Levels of Habitual Fluid Consumption. Nutrients, 2016; 8, 302.
16.Lim WH, Wong G, Lewis JR, Lok CE, Polkinghorne KR, Hodgson J, et al. Total volume and composition of fluid intake and mortality in older women: a cohort study. Bmj Open, 2017; 3, e11720.
17.Hu FB, Malik VS. Sugar-sweetened beverages and risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes: Epidemiologic evidence. Physiol Behav, 2010; 1, 47-54.
18.Gui Z, Zhu Y, Cai L, Sun F, Ma Y, Jing J, et al. Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption and Risks of Obesity and Hypertension in Chinese Children and Adolescents: A National Cross-Sectional Analysis. Nutrients, 2017; 12, 1302.
19.Kwak JH, Jo G, Chung HK, Shin MJ. Association between sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and incident hypertension in Korean adults: a prospective study. Eur J Nutr, 2019; 58, 1009-1017.
20.Pan A, Malik VS, Schulze MB, Manson JE, Willett WC, Hu FB. Plain-water intake and risk of type 2 diabetes in young and middle-aged women. Am J Clin Nutr, 2012; 6, 1454-1460.
21.Laksmi PW, Morin C, Gandy J, Moreno LA, Kavouras SA, Martinez H, et al. Fluid intake of children, adolescents and adults in Indonesia: results of the 2016 Liq.In7 national cross-sectional survey. Eur J Nutr, 2018; 57, 89-100.
22.Bougatsas D, Arnaoutis G, Panagiotakos DB, Seal AD, Johnson EC, Bottin JH, et al. Fluid consumption pattern and hydration among 8-14 years-old children. Eur J Clin Nutr, 2017; 72, 420-427.
23.Maughan RJ, Watson P, Cordery PA, Walsh NP, Oliver SJ, Dolci A, et al. A randomized trial to assess the potential of different beverages to affect hydration status: development of a beverage hydration index. Am J Clin Nutr, 2016; 103, 717-723.
24.Guelinckx I, Tavoularis G, König J, Morin C, Gharbi H, Gandy J. Contribution of Water from Food and Fluids to Total Water Intake: Analysis of a French and UK Population Surveys. Nutrients, 2016; 8, 630.
25.Tani Y, Asakura K, Sasaki S, Hirota N, Todorikl H, Miura A, et al. The influence of season and air temperature on water intake by food groups in a sample of free-living Japanese adults. Eur J Clin Nutr, 2015; 69, 907-913.
26.Zhang J, Zhang N, Liang S, Wang Y, Liu S, Liu S, et al. The amounts and contributions of total drinking fluids and water from food to total water intake of young adults in Baoding, China. Eur J Nutr, 2019; 58, 2669-2677.
27.Standardization Administration of China. National food safety standard GB 5009.3–2016: determination of moisture in foods. China Standard Press, 2016, Beijing.
28.Institute for Nutrition and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention China: Food composition (2009). Peking University Medicine Press, 2009, Beijing.
29.Malisova O, Athanasatou A, Pepa A, Husemann M, Domnik K, Braun H, et al. Water Intake and Hydration Indices in Healthy European Adults: The European Hydration Research Study (EHRS). Nutrients, 2016; 8, 204.
30.Perrier E, Rondeau P, Poupin M, Bellego LL, Armstrong LE, Stookey J, et al. Relation between urinary hydration biomarkers and total fluid intake in healthy adults. Eur J Clin Nutr, 2013; 67, 939-943.
31.Mckenzie AL, Perrier ET, Guelinckx I, Kavouras SA, Aerni G, Lee EC, et al. Relationships between hydration biomarkers and total fluid intake in pregnant and lactating women. Eur J Nutr, 2017; 56, 2161-2170.
32.Perrier E, Vergne S, Klein A, Poupin M, Rondeau P, Bellego LL, et al. Hydration biomarkers in free-living adults with different levels of habitual fluid consumption. Br J Nutr, 2013; 109, 1678-1687.
33.Chua TX, Prasad NS, Rangan GK, Allman-Farinelli M, Rangan AM. A systematic review to determine the most effective interventions to increase water intake. Nephrology (Carlton), 2016; 21, 860-869.
34.Padrao P, Neto M, Pinto M, Oliveira AC, Moreira A, Moreira P. Urinary hydration biomarkers and dietary intake in children. Nutrición Hospitalaria, 2016; 33, 314.
35.Campbell SM. Hydration needs throughout the lifespan. J Am Coll Nutr, 2007; 26, 585S-587S.
36.Pan XB, Wang HJ, Zhang B, Liu YL, Qi SF, Tian QB. Plain Water Intake and Association with the Risk of Overweight in the Chinese Adult Population: China Health and Nutrition Survey 2006–2011. J Epidemiol, 2019; 30, 128-135.
37.Tate DF, Turner-Mcgrievy G, Lyons E, Stevens J, Erickson K, Polzien K, et al. Replacing caloric beverages with water or diet beverages for weight loss in adults: main results of the Choose Healthy Options Consciously Everyday (CHOICE) randomized clinical trial. Am J Clin Nutr, 2012; 95, 555-563.
38.Muckelbauer R, Sarganas G, Gruneis A, Muller-Nordhorn J. Association between water consumption and body weight outcomes: a systematic review. Am J Clin Nutr, 2013; 98, 282-299.
39.Ma G, Zuo J, Li X, Gao J, Zhu W, Ni H, et al. Water intake source analysis of adults in four cities of China in summer. Chin J Prev Med, 2011; 45, 692-695. (In Chinese)
40.Elmadfa I, Meyer AL. Patterns of drinking and eating across the European Union: implications for hydration status. Nutr Rev, 2015; 73, 141-147.
41.Gazan R, Sondey J, Maillot M, Guelinckx I, Lluch A. Drinking Water Intake Is Associated with Higher Diet Quality among French Adults. Nutrients, 2016; 8, 689.
42.An R. Beverage Consumption in Relation to Discretionary Food Intake and Diet Quality among US Adults, 2003 to 2012. J Acad Nutr Diet, 2016; 116, 28-37.
43.Duffey K J, Popkin BM. Adults with healthier dietary patterns have healthier beverage patterns. J Nutr, 2006; 136, 2901.
44.Malisova O, Athanasatou A, Pepa A, Husemann M, Domnik K, Braun H, et al. Water Intake and Hydration Indices in Healthy European Adults: The European Hydration Research Study (EHRS). Nutrients, 2016; 8, 204.
45.Perrier E, Demazieres A, Girard N, Pross N, Osbild D, Metzger D, et al. Circadian variation and responsiveness of hydration biomarkers to changes in daily water intake. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2013; 113, 2143-2151.
46.Armstrong LE, Soto JA, Hacker FT, Casa DJ, Kavouras SA, Maresh CM. Urinary indices during dehydration, exercise, and rehydration. Int J Sport Nutr, 1998; 8, 345-355.
47.Francesconi RP, Hubbard RW, Szlyk PC, Schnakenberg D, Carlson D, Leva N, et al. Urinary and hematologic indexes of Hypohydration. J Appl Physiol, 1987; 62, 1271-1276.
48.Shirreffs S M. Markers of hydration status. Eur J Clin Nutr, 2003; 57, Suppl 2:S6.
49.Enhörning S, Struck J, Wirfält E, Hedblad B, Morgenthaler NG, Melander O. Plasma Copeptin, A Unifying Factor behind the Metabolic Syndrome. J Clin Endocr Metab, 2011; 96, E1065-E1072.
50.Enhörning S, Hedblad B, Nilsson PM, Gunnar E, Olle Melander. Copeptin is an independent predictor of diabetic heart disease and death. Am Heart J, 2015; 169, 549-556.
51.Gandy J, Martinez H, Guelinckx I, Moreno LA, Bardosono S, Salas-Salvado J, et al. Relevance of Assessment Methods for Fluid Intake. Ann Nutr Metab, 2016; 68, 1-5.
52.Bardosono S, Monrozier R, Permadhi I, Manikam NRM, Pohan R, Guelinckx I. Total fluid intake assessed with a 7-day fluid record versus a 24-h dietary recall: a crossover study in Indonesian adolescents and adults. Eur J Nutr, 2015; 54, 17-25.