Research is the generation of new knowledge, science, or invention by using scientific methods and skills. (1, 2) Health research training is an important component of medical education to inculcate critical thinking and reasoning skills. (3, 4, 5) The scientific research methodology including topic selection, analysis and statement of the problem, literature review, formulation of the research objectives, determining study designs, study population and sample size determination, and data collection, processing, and analysis. (1, 6)
The health research seeks to answer questions about the health state, disease, or risk factors; it also directs us to the causes of ill health and the effectiveness of prevention and curative intervention and also has an impact on health care programs policy and services. (7, 8) Moreover, research will broaden students' scientific training helping them to pursue their careers in academic medicine. (9)
During the last decade, there has been a renewed emphasis on the medical student research experience and many programs have been developed in different countries such as those two large United States programs that have sought to engage students during this critical period of training are the National Institutes of Health (NIH) sponsored Medical Student Research Fellowship Programs (MSRFs)(10) and the Doris Duke Clinical Research Fellowship (CRF) Program,(11) other examples are those which developed in Europe(12) and the Netherlands. (13)
Many students agreed that there would be no progress of humankind without the progress of science and the basis of medical progress is the use of scientific methodology and the knowledge of scientific methodology is essential for obtaining accurate objective data so the research was important in the medical field. The student who had a high attitude science will tend to be highly involved in research activities.
However, some students do not agree that research will be a part of the future, and most of them not present any research.(2, 14, 15) Some of them agreed that some participation in research was likely valuable within their medical education so they showed the research should be being mandatory in curriculum and more time in medical school should be set aside to allow participation in research endeavors to improve research skills, attaining research publication and reinforce a teamwork spirit.(2,14−16)
One of the most important factors underlying any study is the researchers’ beliefs, as it is these that motivate them to undertake a study in the first place. (17) The attitude to health research stems from the researchers’ curiosity and interest in a particular subject or their wish to solve a problem within a community. (18)
Students have faced many barriers when conducting the research activities as no enough time, supervisor, guidance, inadequate training in research methodology, hard to publish research during medical school, (19) uncertainty about the ability to complete a study (lack of research self-efficacy), (20) lack of research interest (21) and limited access to data sources (i.e., internet), materials and equipment. (22)
Research is an important element in the improvement of the quality health services provided to the public. It is documented that, globally, medical students apply research in their school life. To our knowledge, there was no previous published research that addressed the issue in Yemen, and given the role of research in health care programs, this study aims to assess perception, attitude, and practice toward community research among medical students in Hadhramout University College of Medicine (HUCOM) during the academic year 2016-2017.