Background: The goal is to evaluate the effects of a flipped class strategy on knowledge, self-directed learning ability, learning satisfaction and pregnancy outcomes in primiparas undergoing antenatal education.
Methods: A convenience sampling method was adopted. A total of 621 primiparas who were diagnosed with early pregnancy in a first-class hospital in southeast China and received continuous prenatal health education from May to July 2020 were selected as the research subjects. The primiparas were divided into two groups in the antenatal education centre. One was the experimental group, who used the prenatal health education model based on blended learning (a flipped classroom with team-based learning); the other was the control group, who used the traditional mode of prenatal health education. The two groups were compared on the following outcomes: knowledge, self-directed learning ability, learning satisfaction and pregnancy outcomes.
Results: The blended learning approach enhanced the primiparas’ knowledge, self-directed learning ability, and learning satisfaction, effectively controlled the gestational weight gain (GWG), alleviated the degree of anxiety and depression in the pregnant women during pregnancy, improved the self-efficacy and the natural delivery rate of the primipara, shortened the delivery process and reduced the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), all P<0.05.
Conclusions: Blended learning may be an effective strategy because of its validity and practicality in antenatal education.